Hadith (12)“An-Naseeha”, the conclusive duty of our “Deen
Hadith (12)“An-Naseeha”, the conclusive duty of our “Deen / محمد لهلالي
“An-Naseeha”, the conclusive duty of our “Deen”
بقلم: محمد لهلالي
It was narrated that Tamim Ad-Dari said: The Messenger of God said: “Deen (religion) is an-Naseeha: They said: “To whom, O Messenger of God? he said: “To God, to His Book, to His Messenger, to the leaders of Muslims and to their common folk”. From Sunan an-Nasa’i.
Meanings and Lessons:
- This is one of the most concise and conclusive hadiths that carries the core meanings of Islamic “Deen” (religion) and touches on different dimensions pertaining to the life and afterlife of Muslims as individuals and community. The word “an-Naseeha” includes meanings of sincerity, admonition, purification and community consolidation.
- “An-Naseeha” to God, the Almighty, denotes being true to God. the Muslim servant would fulfill this obligation by purifying his soul from all veils that might impede him from seeking the nearness to God. This cannot be achieved unless the servant possesses the will and aspiration to climb the rungs of Islam, Iman (faith) and Ihsan (deeds of excellence) and be in the companionship of high-aspiring friends to brave the obstacles following an all-inclusive project of individual and collective salvation.
- “An-Naseeha” to His Book means clinging to the Quran, the true Revelation by God, by intensively and properly reciting it, complying with its commands and prohibitions, drawing lessons from its parables, teaching it and making it the main source of knowledge and inspiration and defending it against all calls that aim at regarding the Qur’an as an obsolete history book and that modern science, materialism and global culture have superseded its relevance in our age.
- “An-Naseeha” to His Messenger entails the sincere and strong love of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, as the role model for a Muslim’s behavior and character. This can be captured by obeying him, revering his high status, regarding his message as divinely inspired, teaching his Sunnah and standing to the calls that denigrate and cast doubt on the authenticity of his hadiths, making supplications for him, loving his family, companions and his dearest friends and confidantes and striving for the dignity and honor of his Umma.
- “An-Naseeha” to the leaders of Muslims entails counselling the Muslim rulers and people in authority. The model of Abu-Bakr, God be pleased with him, is indicative of the kind of an-Naseeha that should be put into effect. The ruler owes the public to help him if he is on the right track, serving the interests of the Umma, and he has to willingly accept the criticism and consistent checking over his policies by the public using the modern check and balance system. When this kind of Naseeha has died out in Muslim history, despotism and corruption of power have caused great damage to the strength and unity of the Umma.
- “An-Naseeha” to the common folks entails exercising Da’wa to educate the Muslim public on the principles of their faith, revive the bonds of Islam and make them change the bad habits of inertia, indifference, idleness and ignorance. The Muslim public should be aware of their duties towards their religion and Umma should assume its responsibility and participate in serious collective endeavors to press for inclusive justice and dignity to eventually deserve the attribute God, the Almighty, conferred on the Umma as being the best Umma when they command what is right and proper and denounce what is evil and improper.
And Praise be to God, the Lord of the worlds.